Prepare a mixture of the Standard preparation
and the Assay preparation
(1:1), and chromatograph the mixture as directed in the Assay
. The chromatogram thus obtained exhibits two main peaks corresponding to ketorolac and the internal standard.
Prepare a filtered and degassed mixture of methanol, water, and glacial acetic acid (55:44:1). Make adjustments if necessary (see System Suitability
under Chromatography 621
). Resolution may be increased by increasing the proportion of water in the Mobile phase
Prepare a mixture of methanol and water (1:1).
Internal standard solution
Prepare a solution of naproxen in methanol containing about 0.3 mg per mL.
Standard stock solution
Dissolve an accurately weighed quantity of USP Ketorolac Tromethamine RS
quantitatively in methanol to obtain a solution having a known concentration of about 0.24 mg per mL. [NOTE
Protect this solution from light.]
Transfer 5.0 mL of the Standard stock solution and 5.0 mL of the Internal standard solution to a 50-mL volumetric flask, dilute with Solvent mixture to volume, and mix. [NOTEProtect this solution from light.]
Transfer an accurately measured volume of the Injection, equivalent to about 12 mg of ketorolac tromethamine, to a 50-mL volumetric flask, dilute with methanol to volume, and mix. Transfer 5.0 mL of this stock solution and 5.0 mL of Internal standard solution to a second 50-mL volumetric flask, dilute with Solvent mixture to volume, and mix. [NOTEProtect both the stock solution and the Assay preparation from light.]
(see Chromatography 621
)The liquid chromatograph is equipped with a 254-nm detector and a 4.6-mm × 25-cm column that contains 5-µm packing L1. The flow rate is about 1.2 mL per minute. Chromatograph the Standard preparation,
and record the peak responses as directed for Procedure:
the relative retention times are about 0.7 for ketorolac and 1.0 for naproxen, the resolution, R,
between the ketorolac peak and the naproxen peak is not less than 5.4, the column efficiency determined from the ketorolac peak is not less than 2700 theoretical plates, the tailing factor is not more than 1.5, and the relative standard deviation for replicate injections is not more than 1.5%.
Separately inject equal volumes (about 100 µL) of the Standard preparation
and the Assay preparation
into the chromatograph, record the chromatograms, and measure the responses for the major peaks. Calculate the quantity, in mg, of ketorolac tromethamine (C15
) in each mL of the Injection taken by the formula:
50(C / V)(RU / RS),
in which C
is the concentration, in mg per mL, of USP Ketorolac Tromethamine RS
in the Standard stock solution; V
is the volume, in mL, of Injection taken to prepare the Assay preparation;
are the ratios of the ketorolac peak response to the naproxen peak response obtained from the Assay preparation
and the Standard preparation,