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C14H18N4O3 290.32
2,4-Pyrimidinediamine, 5-[(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl)methyl]-.
2,4-Diamino-5-(3,4,5-trimethoxybenzyl)pyrimidine [738-70-5].
» Trimethoprim contains not less than 98.5 percent and not more than 101.0 percent of C14H18N4O3, calculated on the dried basis.
Packaging and storage— Preserve in tight, light-resistant containers. Store at 25, excursions permitted between 15 and 30.
A: Infrared Absorption 197S
Solution: 1 in 100.
Medium: chloroform.
B: Transfer about 100 mg of it, accurately weighed, to a 100-mL volumetric flask, and dissolve in 25 mL of alcohol. Dilute quantitatively and stepwise with sodium hydroxide solution (1 in 250) to obtain a 1 in 50,000 solution: the UV absorption spectrum of this solution exhibits maxima and minima only at the same wavelengths as that of a similar solution of USP Trimethoprim RS, concomitantly measured; and the respective absorptivities, calculated on the dried basis for the test sample only, at the wavelength of maximum absorbance at about 287 nm do not differ by more than 3.0%.
Melting range 741: between 199 and 203.
Loss on drying 731 Dry it in vacuum at 105 for 4 hours: it loses not more than 0.5% of its weight.
Residue on ignition 281: not more than 0.1%.
Chromatographic purity—
Buffer solution— Prepare a 10 mM sodium perchlorate solution in water, adjust with phosphoric acid to a pH of 3.6, and mix.
Mobile phase— Prepare a filtered and degassed mixture of Buffer solution and methanol (7:3). Make adjustments if necessary (see System Suitability under Chromatography 621).
Resolution solution— Dissolve accurately weighed quantities of USP Trimethoprim RS and diaveridine; and dilute quantitatively, and stepwise if necessary, with Mobile phase to obtain a solution having known concentrations of about 10 µg per mL and 5 µg per mL, respectively.
Test solution— Transfer about 25.0 mg of Trimethoprim, accurately weighed, to a 25-mL volumetric flask, dissolve in and dilute with Mobile phase to volume, and mix.
Chromatographic system (see Chromatography 621)— The liquid chromatograph is equipped with a 280-nm detector and a 4.6-mm × 25-cm column that contains base-deactivated packing L1. The flow rate is 1.3 mL per minute. Chromatograph the Resolution solution, and record the peak responses as directed for Procedure: the resolution, R, between the peaks for trimethoprim and diaveridine is not less than 2.5; and the relative standard deviation for replicate injections is not more than 2.0%.
Procedure— Inject a volume (about 20 µL) of the Test solution into the chromatograph, record the chromatogram for not less than 11 times the retention time of the trimethoprim peak, and measure all of the peak responses. Calculate the percentage of each impurity in the portion of Trimethoprim taken by the formula:
100{Fri / [S(Fri) + FrT]},
in which F is a relative response factor, and is equal to 0.5 for any peak having a relative retention time of 0.9, 2.3, 2.7, or 10.3, and is equal to 1.0 for all other peaks; ri is the peak response for each impurity; and rT is the peak response for trimethoprim obtained from the Test solution: not more than 0.1% of any individual impurity is found; and not more than 0.2% of total impurities is found.
Residual solvents 467: meets the requirements.
(Official January 1, 2007)
Assay— Transfer about 300 mg of Trimethoprim, accurately weighed, to a conical flask, add 60 mL of glacial acetic acid, and titrate with 0.1 N perchloric acid VS, determining the endpoint potentiometrically. Perform a blank determination, and make any necessary correction. Each mL of 0.1 N perchloric acid is equivalent to 29.03 mg of C14H18N4O3.
Auxiliary Information— Staff Liaison : Behnam Davani, Ph.D., MBA, Senior Scientist
Expert Committee : (MDAA05) Monograph Development-Antivirals and Antimicrobials
USP29–NF24 Page 2212
Pharmacopeial Forum : Volume No. 31(5) Page 1409
Phone Number : 1-301-816-8394